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要チェックです!新しいカリフォルニア州法

新年に伴い、新しい法律が適用されます。

知ってて損はありません。一度目を通される事をお勧めします。

フリーウェイを車で運転している人はすでにご存知かもしれませんが、運転中の携帯テキストメッセージに罰金が科せられます。

Alternative fuel: Allows drivers who run their vehicles on restaurant kitchen grease to skip most of a $300 fee previously required of anyone who hauled used vegetable oil or other grease away from an eatery. Veggie-oil users will now have to pay $75 for a license.

Computer bullying: Allows school officials to suspend or recommend expulsion for pupils who engage in bullying by electronic means, including over the Internet.

Carpool lanes: Makes it a crime to forge, counterfeit or falsify a clean air sticker issued by the DMV to certain low-emission vehicles, allowing them to be driven in high occupancy vehicle lanes. A separate law permits drivers of fully enclosed three-wheel motor vehicles to use carpool lanes.

Dangerous chemicals: Requires the Department of Toxic Substances Control to adopt a plan to identify and evaluate dangerous chemicals in consumer products.

Drunk driving: Drivers on probation for DUI convictions face suspension of their license and towing of their vehicle if they drive on California highways with a blood or breath alcohol level of .01% or higher.

Emergency calls: Increases penalties for people who knowingly use 911 emergency lines for calls other than emergencies. The penalty is a written warning on first offense, $50 on second, $100 on third.


Fire prevention: Improves measures to prevent damage from wildfires, including a requirement that homeowners clear brush from a 100-foot perimeter around their houses. Another law requires California forests to be better managed against tree-killing pests and to make it easier for fire departments to access firefighting equipment.

Foreclosure consultants: Provides a registration and bonding process for foreclosure consultants and bars such consultants from entering into certain agreements with homeowners.

Green jobs: Requires the state to develop a comprehensive approach to the needs of California's workforce associated with its budding "green" economy.

GPS devices: Allows a global positioning system device to be mounted on the windshield of a motor vehicle only in the 7-inch square in the lower corner farthest from the driver or in the 5-inch square in the lower corner nearest the driver.



Human trafficking: Voids any provision of a contract that purports to allow a deduction from a person's wages for the cost of the person immigrating and being transported to the United States.

License plates: Creates a California Gold Star Family license plate for families who have lost loved ones in wars.

Medical care: Requires doctors treating terminally ill patients to give them comprehensive information about end-of-life options, such as hospice care at home and the right to refuse treatment.

Medical insurance: Requires that when insurers cancel someone's coverage, they allow other members of the family to keep theirs.

Another law prevents insurers from refusing to pay the medical bills of customers injured while under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

A third new law requires insurers to pay for HIV screening.

Medical techs: Requires California's Emergency Medical Services Authority to establish and maintain a statewide registry of the status of emergency medical technician licenses. Also mandates that beginning July 1, 2010, all EMTs undergo mandatory criminal background checks.

Mobile homes: Requires, at time of sale, all mobile homes and manufactured housing to have smoke detectors in all rooms designed for sleeping and to have seismic braces on gas-fired water heaters.

Oil drilling: Permits development of additional oil reserves beneath submerged lands of the Wilmington oil field.

Pets: Provides for enforcement of "pet trusts" set up by animal owners to pay for continuing care of their pets after the human owners die.

Phone cards: Requires refund within 60 days to any holder of a card if the provider's services fail to operate in a commercially reasonable manner. Also mandates that phone-card firms maintain a toll-free customer service telephone number.

Press freedom: Prohibits discipline of high school and college journalism advisors for the content in a student newspaper.

Privacy: Makes it a misdemeanor to use radio waves, without consent, to remotely read another person's identifying information. The measure is in response to the practice of having personal identification information included on government-issued identification cards that can be read with radio-frequency identification devices.

Schools: School districts to continue tapping state funds even as they withdraw from a program to fund multitrack, year-round schools.
Smoking: Allows the state director of the Department of Mental Health to prohibit the possession or use of tobacco products on the grounds of state mental hospitals.

Spousal abuse: Prohibits jailing of alleged victims of domestic violence for refusing to testify against their abusers.

Tax breaks: Allows taxpayers to exclude forgiven mortgage debt from their incomes for state income tax purposes.

Teacher crimes: Includes "no contest" pleas in the definition of convictions when the Commission on Teacher Credentialing decides whether to suspend or revoke teaching credentials.

Used cars: Allows police officers to impound vehicles of anyone cited for acting as a car dealer without a license.

Veterans: Requires the state Department of Veterans Affairs to develop plans to reach out to National Guard members or veterans returning to California from combat, and assist them in obtaining a screening for post-traumatic stress disorder and traumatic brain injury. Another law authorizes, after local approval, veterans whose vehicles display one of a number of special-recognition license plates to park free in metered spaces.

Wave pools: Requires operators of wave pools at amusement parks to increase safety steps, including assignment of lifeguards, provision of life vests and restrictions on children shorter than 42 inches.

Information provided by the LA Times writer Patrick McGreevy and the entire article can be found at http://www.latimes.com/news/local/la-me-newlawsweb1-2009jan01,0,4589893.story?page=1&track=rss
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アメリカ西部情報  子育てブログ  アメリカ生活情報

| サンディエゴ生活 | 14:49 | comments:1 | trackbacks:0 | TOP↑

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| | 2009/03/17 13:47 | |















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